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October 2013 Volume 16 . Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

Title

THE IMPACT OF LIFE EXPECTANCY ON ECONOMIC GROWTH: PANEL COINTEGRATION AND CAUSALITY ANALYSES FOR OECD COUNTRIES

Author

Eyyup Ecevit

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-014    Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper examines the impact of life expectancy at birth on economic growth for 21 OECD countries using panel data for the period of 1970-2010 in the context of panel cointegration and causality tests. Three different model specifications are considered for this purpose. We use the variable of life expectancy as an indicator of health and also employ real per capita gross domestic product (constant 2000 $) as a criterion of economic growth. The other independent variables are real exports, real fixed capital and energy use per capita. Based on the findings of the empirical analyses, some important findings can be suggested. Firstly, the results of the LLC, IPS and Breitung panel unit root tests indicate that all of the series are I(1). Secondly, by using Kao and Maddala-Wu cointegration tests, it is showed that there is a long-run relationship between the variables. Thirdly, based on panel OLS, Pedroni DOLS and FMOLS techniques, the estimated coefficient for life expectancy is found positive and statistically significant. Fourthly, the results of panel Granger causality tests based on panel VAR models indicate that there is a unidirectional causality running from life expectancy to real per capita GDP. Thus, this paper provides some important evidence that life expectancy is a fundamental determinant of economic growth in the OECD countries for the period considered for all of three models. Additionally, some important policy implications are drawn from the findings of this study.

 

Keyword

Health, Life Expectancy, Economic Growth, Panel Cointegration, Panel Causality.

 

 

Title

ONLINE MASS CUSTOMIZATION CONFUSION AND THE MODERATING IMPACT OF ONLINE EXPERTISE

Author

Dr. Malawi Arachchige Asoka Malkanthie

 

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 015-028    Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Confusion is one of the key problems in online mass customization. Hence, it is essential to study the antecedents of online MCC in order to minimize or eliminate the confusion and thereby, provide the benefits of online mass customization to the customers. In order to find the antecedence of Online Mass Customization Confusion, an experiment was conducted. The findings of the study emphasize the importance of considering interaction between product knowledge and online expertise as well as perceived usability and online expertise in cognitive information processing in the mass customization process. In keeping with the results of the study, confusion is higher for low online expert consumers than high online expert consumers in online mass customization.

 

Keyword Online Mass Customization Confusion, Product Knowledge, Perceived Usability, Online Expertise
 

 

Title

WOMEN AS THE CATALYST OF HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT:
A CASE STUDY IN MALAYSIA

Author

Abd Jalil Borham (Prof, Ph.D), Munira Abdul Razak

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 029-045    Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Human Capital can be defined as a measure of the economic value of an employee skill set. This measure builds on the basic production input of labour measure where all labour is thought to be equal (regardless gender) (Becker, 1993). The concept of human capital recognizes that not all labor is equal and the quality of employees can be improved by investing in them. The education, experience and abilities of employee have an economic value for employers and for the economy as a whole. Drucker claims that the greatest challenge for organization is to respond from an industrial to knowledge economy (Drucker, 1985). This shift towards knowledge as the differentiator (rather than gender) affects all aspects of organizational management including operating efficiency, marketing, organizational structure and human capital investment. This study highlights the role of women with competitive values as the catalyst of human capital development in Malaysia.

 

Keyword human capital, women and competitiveness
 

 

Title
WOMEN AND LEADERSHIP IN ISLAM:  A CASE STUDY IN INDONESIA
Author

             Arif Rohman

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 046-051    Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Women in leadership positions is a sensitive issue in most Moslem societies. Even though reality has shown that women can compete with men, some people continue to use ‘religious reasons’ to block women’s advancement to leadership roles and maintain the status quo. This article will examine the conservative and liberal thinking about women as leaders in Muslim society especially in Indonesia.

Keyword Women, Leadership, Islam, Gender
 

 

Title

POLITENESS STRATEGIES USAGE IN ACCOMPANYING ASSERTIVE ILLOCUTIONARY ACTS ON BARACK OBAMA’S SPEECH AND INTERVIEW TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC CENTER NEAR GROUND ZERO

Author

Karbelani Aulia

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 052-060    Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Politness strategies have some roles in communication: to redress some rude utterances, to succeed the speakers speaking goals, to make the utterances acceptable by the hearers, etc. Some studies have dealt with politeness strategies concept by Brown and Levinson (1987), but rarely does the present writer find the politeness concept dealing with assertive illocutionary acts concept (Leech, 1983) and Levinson (1983). This study is about to find what types of politeness strategies on Barack Obama’s assertive illocutionary acts utterances. In communication, assertive illocutionary acts have a role to assure the hearers about what the speakers believe. The data are taken from Barack Obama’s speech and interview towards the development of Islamic Center near Ground Zero. This descriptive qualitative study suggests that three kinds of assertive illocutionary acts are found on Obama’s utterances, i.e: statement; assertion; report. While politeness strategies are found on his utterances, i.e: positive politeness strategy; negative politeness strategy; off record politeness strategy. Moreover, statement and negative politeness strategy are the most frequently used on his utterances.

 

Keyword Politeness Strategies, Assertive illocutionary acts, Barack Obama
 

 

Title

COGNITIVE VERBS IN PHYSIC TEXTS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN WEST JAVA INDONESIA: A FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR APPROACH

Author

Mutiara Indah Nirmala Dewi, Heriyanto, Ypsi Soerya Soemantr

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 061-068    Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This article is titled Cognitive Verbs in Physic Texts. There are two things that are discussed in this article, (1) What verbs appear as cognitive in physic texts? and (2) What participants are used to indicate which cognitive verbs occurred in physic text? This paper will focus in these issues answer within the qualitative by analysis of cognitive verbs in physic texts. Systemic functional linguistics (SFL), in particular the process, and transitivity analysis as proposed by Halliday and his followers has been used as the main theoretical framework of the study. Based on the research, in experiential meaning, transitivity becomes the main issue with six processes involved, for examples, mental process. Each process has its own characteristic about which verbs are included.  So does mental. In general, there are cognitive verbs used in physic texts; think, know, believe, know, realize, remind, thought, decide, shows, imagined, supposed, recognize and understand. There are two participants in mental process, namely Senser and Phenomenon. Senser is someone that senses something, and Phenomenon is something that is sensed.

 

Keyword cognitive verbs, mental processes, participant, senser, phenomenon
 

 

Title

INTERNAL MODIFICATION OF REQUESTS STRATEGIES
 IN THE MOVIE OF THE BIG BANG THEORY:
A PRAGMATIC STUDY

Author

Iis Sabiah, Heriyanto, Sutiono Mahdi

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 069-090  Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The objectives of the research are to describe requests strategies applied by the characters and to describe the categories of internal modification used by the characters in the movies. The research is implemented in three main parts which are collecting the data, classifying, and analizing them. To obtain the theoretical references, the writer formulates and conceptualizes the existing theoretical overviews related with the topic of the research. The theories are mainly adapted from Anna Trosborg, (1995). The data are taken from the movie entitled "The Big Bang Theory" produced by Chuck Lorre Peter Chakos. The main topic of this research is requests, which describes how the characters modify utterances when they convey their requests. The result show the following there are four main categories of requests strategies applied by the requester namely Direct Strategies (marked explicitly as requests, such as imperatives), Conventionally indirect strategies (referring to contextual preconditions necessary for its performance as conventionalized in the language), Non-conventionally indirect strategies (hints, refer to the object depending on contextual clues). The internal modifications they used are upgraders and downgrader.  The category of upgraders are adverbial intensifier, do-construction, commitment upgraders, and lexical intensification and the internal modifications which are found in the category of downgraders are politeness marker, consultative device, downtoner, understatement, hedge and hesitator.

 

Keyword request, strategy of request, internal modification
 

 

Title

THE USE OF 5E MODEL IN SECONDARY GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION:
                           A CASE STUDY ON POPULATION POLICIES

Author

Assist. Prof. Dr. Murat ATEŞ

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 091-095 Vol 16. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

5E model is a model which is compatible with constructive learning approach based on John Dewey and Jean Piaget. 5E model gets its name from the numbers of its levels and the capital letters of each of these sequences. These levels are engage, explore, explain, elaborate and evaluate. The purpose of this study is to prepare a sample of course regarding the use of 5E and bring it into use of geography teachers. By this way, it is aimed to have teachers’ sights set on analysing the event prepared with reference to 5E model and get them to improve similar activities. For that purpose, 2 hours of lesson plan was prepared on the subject of ‘’Population Policy’’ partaking among the subjects of 11th class geography lessons in Turkey. Generated result was presented as a lesson scenario. It is possible for students to provide more permanent learning by sharpening top-end learning skills with this activity. So, it goes without saying that 5E model is a kind of learning method having potential to contribute positive benefits which are easy to apply in geography lessons.

 

Keyword

5E model, constructive learning, geography lessons, population policy.