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September 2013 Volume 15 . Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

Title

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIRECTOR REMUNERATION AND PERFORMANCE OF FIRMS LISTED IN THE NAIROBI SECURITIES EXCHANGE

Author

Ben Miyienda, Cliff Osoro Oirere, Julius Miyogo

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-017    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study examined the relationship of Directors’ remuneration and company performance for 57 firms listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange for a period from 2006 through 2010.  The study demonstrates the existence of a positive link between directors’ remuneration and ROE, EAT and Tobin’s Q as measures of firm performance. Further it concludes that among Kenyan listed companies, directors’ remuneration has a weak relationship with ROE and Tobin’s Q, but a moderately strong positive relationship with EAT. The implication of this finding is that, among Kenyan listed companies, directors remuneration is strongly linked to raw performance indicators as opposed to measures of efficiency of utilization of shareholder funds and market performance. These findings therefore point towards high possibility of agency problem since directors can benefit themselves by maximizing raw earnings without due regard to long term performance and market performance.

Keyword Directors’ remuneration, firm performance, corporate governance
 

 

Title
SYSTEM DYNAMICS APPROACH AS A TOOL OF STRATEGIC COST MANAGEMENT
Author Dr. İbrahim Aksu                                                                                                  
Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 018-030   Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The lack of traditional cost accounting systems in meeting the information needs of managers was caused to emergence of first cost management and then strategic cost management. Strategic Cost Management (SCM) also known as Strategic Management Accounting (SMA) uses the cost information in order to formulate and communicate strategies. Also it develops controls that monitor the succes at achieving strategic goals. System dynamics approach can be used as a tool of strategic cost management because of its system perspespective and giving opportunity to design politics that enhance business performance. The aim of the study is to introduce system dynamics approach to accounting world and make a start up.

Keyword

Strategic Cost Management, Strategic Management Accounting, System Dynamics Approach

 

 

Title

EXPLORING THE CHALLENGES OF APPLICATION OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES THEORY IN TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS AT PRIMARY LEVEL IN BANGLADESH

Author

Umme Mustari Tithi, Md. Yasin Arafat

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 031-039  Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The present primary education context in Bangladesh is traditional and problem surrounded. The equal right and opportunity of every child from the point of experiencing quality education that would enable them to explore and enhance their level of intelligences and skills seems underestimated. This article presents the actual scenario of the application of Multiple Intelligences Theory (MIT) in the context of Bangladesh and tries to find out the challenges for its effective implementation. The study followed a mixed method research design and data has been collected from 10 primary schools and 20 teachers of Dhaka city. Results of this study showed not only the poor application of MIT but also the impassiveness of present teaching learning process (TLP) towards establishing student centered and joyful learning environment. Sample schools have resource crisis which remains as a very strong barrier in implementing MIT. In addition, teachers’ training and motivation, lack of administrative support were also found as major challenges of MIT oriented classroom. The study suggests modification of teachers’ training and adequate supply of MI resources for successful application of MIT in the classroom.

Keyword

Multiple Intelligences Theory (MIT), Multiple Intelligences (MI), Teaching Learning Process (TLP), Multiple Ways of Teaching and Learning (MWTL).

 

 

Title

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING STYLE WITH CARE CAREER INTEREST AMONG 16 YEAR OLD STUDENTS

Author

Abdul Hanid Halit

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 040-044    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study aims to examine the relationship between parental style of upbringing with a career interest of students at an elite school in Setiu, Terengganu. Purposive sampling was used to obtain a total of 88 subjects. The focus of this study was to determine the relationship between three parental styles that are authoritative, permissive and autoritarian with career interest in realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, conventional (RIASEC). Two theoretical approaches used in this study are John Holland (1973) and Diana Baumrind's (1971, 1991). Self-Directed Search (SDS) by Holland was used to measure RIASEC career interest and Parental Authority Questionaire (PAQ) by Diana Baumrind's have been used to measure parental styles. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis and Pearson correlation analysis of inferential statistics. Results showed a significant relationship between parental authoritative style with enterprising career interest, pesimif style with artistic and autoritarian style with the fields of realistic, investigative, and conventional. There was no significant correlation between pemissive style with social, entrerprising and conventional and between autoritarian style with social, artistic and enterprising. Based on these findings, several suggestions were made.

Keyword  
 

 

Title

THE CONTRIBUTION OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE ON MATHEMATICS LEARNING’S SUCCESS

Author

Supardi U. S.

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 045-055    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The researchaimsto analyze thecontributionof these factorsin determining thesuccess of themultiple intelligencesof studentsstudyingmathematicsatsecondary schoollevel. There areeightmultiple intelligencesfactors, namely: linguistic, logical-mathematical intelligence, visual-spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligence, interpersonalintelligence, intrapersonalintelligenceandnaturalisticintelligence. The study was conductedusinga surveymethod-correlation with a sample of105students. Analysis usingmultipleregressioninferentialstatisticalapproachby placingMathematicsachievementasthe dependent variableand theeightmultiple intelligencesfactorsas independent variables. The results foundthings like thefollowing. (1) Taken togethermultiple intelligencesfactorscontributing tothe successof studentsin learningmathematics. (2) Partiallythere are3(three) multiple intelligencesare several factorsthatcontribute toa positive, one (1)negativecontributingfactors, and4(four) factorsdo notcontribute. The factorsthat contribute positively, namely: logical-mathematical intelligence, visual-spatial intelligence andinterpersonalintelligence. A contributing factorisnegativeintrapersonalintelligence. Factors thatdo notcontributeare:linguistic,bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligenceandnaturalisticintelligence.

Keyword

multiple intelligencesfactors, the success oflearningMathematics.

 

 

Title

SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES IN RELATION TO SOCIAL APPEARANCE ANXIETY IN ADOLESCENTS

Author

Ertuğrul ŞAHİN, Yaşar BARUT, Ercüment ERSANLI

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 056 - 063    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study examined the effects of gender, age, grade level, and the educational level of the mother and father on social appearance anxiety in Turkish adolescents. This was a cross-sectional study in which a simple random sampling method was used. Participants were 2,219 adolescents (1089 boys, 1130 girls) with a mean age of 12.76 years old (SD= .96) from the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades and recruited from twenty-one state secondary schools and one private secondary school in Amasya. The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (Hart et al., 2008) and Sociodemographic Information Form were used as data collection instruments. Five hypotheses were tested in this study.  Results showed that gender and age did not produce any significant differences in social appearance anxiety scores. There were, however, significant differences in social appearance anxiety scores in relation to the grade level of the adolescents and the educational level of their parents. Some surprising results are contrary to those reported in Western adolescents which means that culture may play an important role in the development of social appearance anxiety in adolescents.

Keyword

Social Appearance Anxiety, Adolescents, Sociodemographic Variables, Turkey.

 

 

Title

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION AMONG WOMEN

Author

Mary Gloria C. Njoku

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 064-069   Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The causes and consequences of postpartum depression were explored in this paper. Researchers have found that childbirth is joyful for some women but emotionally disturbing and stressful for others. Genetic, environmental, and biological variables have been implicated as factors that influence the experience of postpartum depression among women. However, due to a lack of consensus about the relationship between these factors and postpartum depression, the nature and causes of postpartum depression is still unclear. The lack of consensus is due in part to variations in the types of postpartum mood disorder described in studies. There is a need for systematic studies that explore causes and consequences among high-risk population and women of diverse ethnic backgrounds. Current problems in understanding diverse and contradictory findings will ultimately be resolved with long-term follow-up studies examining the genetic, environmental, biological and psychosocial factors among control groups without postpartum depression and those with postpartum depression.

Keyword

Postpartum depression, causes, consequences, women

 

 

Title

QUALITY OF LIFE OF URBAN BEGGARS IN ALIGARH DISTRICT

Author

Dr. Jabir Hasan Khan, Dr. Menka

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 070-080    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

In the present study, an attempt has been made to examine the spatial patterns of beggars’ social, economic, infrastructural facilities, and their socio-economic status in Aligarh district of Uttar Pradesh. This work is based on primary source of data, collected through the field survey in the Aligarh district carried out during 2009. All the 13 towns of the district were selected for urban survey. Further, the 25 per cent beggars’ households were surveyed from the each selected ward of the study area. Altogether, 396 beggars’ households were surveyed for the present study. The regional analysis reveals that beggars of the south-eastern and north-western tip of the district experienced the high level of quality of life, while, the western as well as north-eastern parts witnessed the low level of quality of life of urban beggars in the district.

Keyword Social, Economic, Household Infrastructural Facilities, Socio-Economic Status, Beggar, Region, Aligarh
 

 

Title

VULNERABLE CHILDREN ANDTHEIR FAMILY PERTICIPATION IN RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES: A STORY OF BANGLADESH

Author

Sumaiya Khanam Chowdhury, Mirza Md. Hasan,  Fahmida Mazid

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 070-080    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The main objective of the study is to explore the involvement of vulnerable children as well as their families in their recreational activities. The total time spent for recreational activity is one of the objectives. For the study the researcher selects working children from Non-formal primary schools of Dhaka city as vulnerable children. The study is descriptive in nature. Only quantitative analysis is use to analyze the collected data. For collecting data the researcher use semi-structured questionnaire. From the study it is found that, vulnerable children spent less than two hours for their recreational activity, like: sports and games, satellite visual media etc. Involvement of family member of their recreational activity is also very low. Their parents took them for outdoor trip twice in a year only. The researcher recommends schools to give more time and space for their vulnerable children by opening child club, parent’s student’s day in each month to enhance their recreational activity.

Keyword

Vulnerable children, Family participation, Recreational activity, Bangladesh

 

 

Title

TIME FLEXIBILITY OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION: DEBATE IN PRACTICAL USE

Author

Mirza Md. Hasan , Sumaiya Khanam Chowdhury

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 095-106    Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Non formal schools are now playing a great role for supporting the rest of students who do not get chance in formal schools. The main object of the study is to explore the present debate of the use of flexibility of time of non-formal schools. The study is descriptive in nature based on qualitative approach. Quantitative approach is used to support the qualitative data. Data and evidence were gathered from teachers of the Non-formal schools by using a combination of in-depth Interview and Focus Group Discussion instruments. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the collected qualitative data and Ms-Excel was used to present the quantitative data. The study area was basically the Dhaka district. Form the study it is found that, flexibility of time opens a new door to education for vulnerable children and at a time creates a barrier for teachers for achieving the goal within the fixed time.

Keyword Time, Flexibility, Non- formal Education, Debate, Practical use
 

 

Title

EVE TEASING IN BANGLADESH: CAUSES AND IMPACT ON SOCIETY,
A STUDY FROM ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

Author

Muhammad Aminul Hoque

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 107-117  Vol 15. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper discusses the real picture of Eve teasing in Bangladesh. Now-a-days Eve teasing has become one of the severest problems of Bangladesh. It severely infringes the freedom and right of mobility of a woman, 90% girls between the ages of 10-18 are affected by eve teasing.  It has reached to such an alarming situation that many girls committed suicide in the last three years due to eave easing. Many female students are forced to stay at home giving up their studies. Parents are marrying off their school and college going daughters in order to avoid this horrible situation. No government initiatives to tame teasers have proven effective so far.

This article tries to identify the causes of eve teasing and its impact on Bangladeshi societies. This article further suggests some solutions for eradicating eve teasing in Bangladeshi societies from an Islamic perspective.

Keyword

Eve teasing, Impact, Society of Bangladesh, Solution.