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May 2015 Volume 34th . Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

 

Title

THE POLICY IMPLEMENTATION OF MINIMUM SERVICE STANDARD IN INDONESIA:

PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES
Author

Dr. HALILUL KHAIRI, M.Si

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-017    Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

Decentralization policy in Indonesia has brought major changes in the relationship between the central and local government in Indonesia. Local governments are very wide which covers the whole government function except six absolute function while the central government has the authority to conduct guidance and supervision to local government. Given that the local government’s authorities are so broad and in order to prevent the local governments from neglecting the absolute basic services for citizens, the central government set minimum service standards (SPM) for mandatory government function.
From 2004 to 2014, the ministries /non ministrial office have established 15 MSS to be implemented by local governments. Each MSS is equipped with three (3) guidelines covering the minimum service standard itself, the technical guidelines and budgeting guidelines for financing those services.
Once implemented by the local government until 2014, it was known that the achievement of predefined MSS indicators very low where the implementation of 5 SPM sampled in 119 districts / cities known that MSS health met only two indicators of the 22 indicators, MSS education has not met all the 27 indicators, Public Works and Spatial MSS only fulfilled 6 of the 21 indicators, MSS Social fulfilled only 4 of 7 indicators, Settlements and Housing MSS has no single indicator is met from 3 indicators and Order and public order  MSS are fulfilled only 1 of 7 indicators .
The low success MSS policy performance is due to several obstacles, namely: 1) the contents of the policy on the rules of follow-up was not Formulated in accordance with the philosophy of MSS policy that cause a variety of shapes and characters minimum service types defined by ministries / non ministrial office; 2) Poor understanding by local government officials; 3) technical planning and budgeting is difficult to be implemented; and 4) the local government budget constraints.
To improve Indonesia’s MSS performance in the future, the substance of the policy must be changed including the kinds and quality of service, planning and budgeting systems, budget provision systems and socialization of the policy to implementers in the region.

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Title

MEASURING EMPLOYEE JOB SATISFACTION IN REAL ESTATE BUSINESS: A STUDY ON SOME SELECTED COMPANIES IN BANGLADESH

Author

Mohammad Jonaed Kabir

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 018-030    Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

Job satisfaction is one of the important requirements for employees’ motivation. If employees satisfied on their job then they will be encouraged to render their better services, they will be committed to the job and to the organization. When the employees are committed then their efforts will be contributed to the achievement of organizational objectives and both individual employee and the organization will be benefited. But we know there are different types of organizations and different types of peoples working in different locations.  Job satisfaction depends in different ways in different peoples in different organizations. Real estate business is a flourishing industry in Bangladesh. Within a very short span of time real estate has become one of the most lucrative businesses of the country. With the growing economy, the demand for residential along with commercial construction have radically augmented. Over the last decade this sector has become extremely competitive. Today, numerous registered real estate buildings are continuously working towards changing the urban landscape of Bangladesh. A number of real estate companies are working under one umbrella association named ' Real Estate and Housing Association of Bangladesh' (REHAB). About a 1000 companies are at present affiliated with association, while several other companies are working independently. This study focuses on measuring employee’s job satisfaction in real estate business and questionnaire analysis, which include regular assign activities, relationship with others, flexible team spirit, contribution, compensation matches with responsibilities, overall job satisfaction, salary structure, work environment, performance bonus etc.

Keyword

Job Satisfaction, Real Estate Business

 

 

 

Title

ABSENCE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE RESULTING UNPLANNED URBAN GROWTH AND NON-COORDINATION BETWEEN CITY AUTHORITIES: A DISCOURSE ON DHAKA CITY

Author

Hasnun Wara Khondker, Mohammed Azizul Mohith, Ashik Vaskor Mannan

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 031-44  Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

Dhaka is experiencing one of the highest rates of urbanization in the world. The scale and speed of urbanisation is unprecedented here. Dhaka, with its current population of 15 million people, bears the distinction of being the fastest-growing in the world. Between 1990 and 2005, the city doubled in size from 6 to 12 million. Dhaka has reached to its present status after experiencing a range of rulers from different cultures in its 400 years of history and facing a wide variety of governance structures, administrative policies as well as natural calamities, poverty and other obstacles. Excessive population, scarcity of land and limited resource have put tremendous pressure on the infrastructure of the city. City authorities like utility providers, transportation agencies and administrative organisations all are being unable to provide even minimum benchmark standard for facilities needed. But one of the major issues identified for such failure has been lack of coherence between these authorities, which has made the local governments (city corporations) unproductive. However this paper analyses the factors that influenced and initiated the unplanned urban growth of Dhaka over ages from a wide perspective including administrative and economic factors along with spatial phenomenon. It explores the non-coordination scenario between present day city authorities and service providers hindering the development process. Brief strategic recommendations are surfaced from the perspective of good governance through empowerment of local government. 

Keyword

Dhaka, Good Governance, Urban Growth, Non-Coordination, City Authorities

 

 

 

 

 

Title

MEASURING  THE  FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CONSUMERS’ ATTITUDE ON SELECTING INTERNATIONAL  BEAUTY SOAPS :
AN INVESTIGATION IN BANGLADESH MARKET

Author

Mustafa Manir Chowdhury

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 045-057    Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

In the age of globalization, companies are trying to capture customers’ value for its successive growth as well as its sustainability not only in national market but also in international market so that they (customers) come in return. Moreover, companies are communicating and delivering ‘value proposition’ to the customers. As a result, manufacturers have to focus on ‘unique selling proposition’ i.e. focus on one or more factors, which is the basis for strategy formulation (Kotler and Keller,2005,  p. 56), to ensure customers’ benefit as well as profitable customer relationship with company. In this paper, attempt has been made to identify some common factors, which influence customers to choose beautification items, especially for beauty soap products in Bangladesh market. Moreover, Fishbein’s Multiattribute Attitude Model (FMAM), has been used to measure overall attitude of each soap product in same market. Furthermore, it can be observed that customers in Bangladesh, basically give emphasize on some common factors (six) for their buying decision, such as: price, relaxation, brand reputation, all natural ingredients, smell, and good health, which are the main  factors to analyze this paper.  In addition, it can be seen that customers specially focus on price, which is the sought after result of this study through Principal Components Analysis (PCA).

Keyword

Value Proposition, Unique Selling Proposition, Multiattribute Attitude Model (MAM), Brand Reputation, Principal Components Analysis (PCA), Rotated Factors.

 

 

 

Title

FINANCIAL COMPENSATION AS A STRATEGIC TOOL TO ACHIEVE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE: A SURVEY ON STATE-OWNED BANKS IN BANGLADESH

Author

MustafaManir Chowdhury, Faruk Bhuiyan, Mohammad Jonaed Kabir

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 058-065    Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

The study intended to examine the relationship between the financial compensation as a strategic tool and employees’ overall performance. Its target population was the state-owned banks operating in Bangladesh. The survey was conducted on the employees from seven (88%) banks and a total of 100 responses were returned in complete form. Theoretical framework was developed based on the Vroom’s expectancy theory of motivation.  A Pearson’s correlation and Spearman’s rank correlation with some descriptive statistical tools were employed to test the study hypotheses. The study finds a high degree of positive correlation between the financial compensation and overall employee performance but it seems a gap on the instrumentality of performance. However, the findings of the study may contribute to the existing literature in the respective fields and help the policy makers to formulate an optimum reward system for the employees.

Keyword

Financial compensation; Employees’ performance; Strategic tool; Banking industry; Bangladesh.

 

 

 

Title

IMPLEMENTATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS ACCORDING TO

THE 1945 CONSTITUTION
Author

Ida Surya.SH.MH.

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 066-070    Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

On August 17th, 1945clearly stated that the system of government as a state based on law (rechtstaat), not based on power (machstaat). This implies, that the country including the government and other governmental agencies in implementing any measures, should be guided by the law. The pressure on the law (rechtstaat) confronted as opposed to the power (macht). State law requires that every action must be in accordance with and based on law, not based on the mere will of the governing authority and with the intent of limiting the power and aim to protect the rights of members of the public from arbitrary power. The principle of this system appear, as well as in the formulation of its articles clearly in line and an implementation

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Title

THE EFFECTIVITY OF MUNICIPAL COUNCIL LEGISLATION ROLE
STUDY OF REGIONAL LEGISLATION AT MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF WEST LOMBOK

Author

Muh Suhardi, SH., MH.

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 071-076 Vol 34. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

In accordance to constitution No. 23 year of 2015 concerns to municipal government, which stated the municipal government has the authority to organize and to arrange its own government issues in accordance with autonomy principle and subsidiary council. The granting of municipal autonomy is aimed to accelerate the social welfare realization through service improvement and social empowerment. At the essence constitution No. 23 year of 2014 which stated regional government has the wide autonomy terms. Legislation function is the most important thing to support the municipal autonomy realization. To implement the legislation function, the municipal council has various rights; one of it is the right to proposing the regional constitution draft and the right to revise the regional constitution draft.

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