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March 2015 Volume 32nd . Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

 

Title

FINANCING MECHANISM OF ISLAMIC BANKING

Author

Taudlikhul Afkar

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-013    Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

Some previous articles gives more of an overview of Islamic Banking by exploring and explaining one, two, or more types of  Islamic banks financing, while this article provides a simple overview of the existing financing mechanism in Islamic Banking as a whole. The presentation is classified into four sections; first, financing mechanism based on the principle of sharing, second, financing mechanism based on selling (Ba'i), third, financing mechanism based on lease, and the fourth is a financing mechanism that is based on benevolent loans

 

Keyword

Financing, Mechanism, Islamic Contract, Islamic Banking
JEL : G00, G21, N20, Z12

 

 

Title

ANALYSIS OF SPORT FEDERATIONS IN TURKEY ON INNOVATION MANAGEMENT

Author

Oğuzhan Altungül, Sebahattin Devecioglu

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 014-021    Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

Innovation is realization of a novel change for an organization and its surrounding. Federations in Turkey are technical entities regulating, managing, teaching the activities in the sport branches respectively in accordance with the international codes and regulations, spreading such activities to the country and ensuring representation thereof outside the country. In our study conducted based on the foregoing ideas, it is aimed at review of analysis of the sport federations in Turkey on innovation management.

The population of the research is the sport federations conducting operations in Turkey actively, the sample selected for the survey is 130 managers and 325 employees in sport federations.
In the survey 2 questionnaires “Innovation Environment Survey in Entities” and “Corporate Innovation Performance Questionnaire” applied to public and private entities developed by Mr. Elci (2008) are used. As a result of validity reality studies of innovation environment   survey in entities filled by the employees, the results obtained:  Cronbach Alfa 0,897,KMO 0,77 , Barlet Test Result Chi-Square Approach 5346,74   Internal reliability 0,05.
According to the results of the study, none of the managers responded affirmatively to the question “Did your Federation conclude the followings in 2009 and 2010” of the process innovation environment survey in the entities according to the federation managers of the sport federations in Turkey. They stated that no study is conducted for service and process in the federations. (Table 4-5).
Findings on lack of innovation in federations indicate that they are not open for improvement and it is difficult for them to advance. It is believed that such difficulties may be overcome with education and training.

 

Keyword

Innovation, Management, Sport Management, Sport Federations

 

 

Title

THE SPIRITUAL MOTIFS OF SUBMISSION AND SUPPLICATION IN GITANJALI: TAGORE’S SEARCH FOR PEACE

Author

Mohammad Tajuddin & Muhammad Safiur Rahman,

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 022-036   Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

The collection of poems in Gitanjali extensively highlights Tagore’s sense of spirituality and piety in both subjective and objective levels. Rabindranath Tagore’s Gitanjali is an outstanding work which brought him international fame and Nobel Prize in literature in 1913. In both personal and historical context the poems create and develop extraordinary motifs of submission and supplication throughout the book with Tagore’s belief in a supreme God, Who, according to the poet, can bestow peace and mercy on him and the world. This paper argues that Tagore actually searches for internal and external peace during the troubled period of his life and the contemporary world through his supplication and submission to almighty God, and God’s presence and remembrance in his life becomes source of peace and pleasures. Tagore supplicates and submits to God in every possible way to acquire peace, and he finds peace through His presence in every sphere of his life. Though Tagore’s poetic narration seems to have been influenced by pantheism of Hinduism and partly by its incarnation concept, his surrender or submission to God in Gitanjali essentially reflects the oneness of God which brings Tagore closer not only to the Islamic monotheism but also to other Semitic religions such as Christianity and Judaism. The objective of the paper is to discuss the issues of submission and supplication of the poet to God. This paper analyses the text of the poems, along with the life of the poet and the contemporary issues, and aims at showing in a new perspective how Tagore searches for peace through his submission and supplication to one God in Gitanjali.   

 

Keyword

Gitanjali, submission, supplication, devotion to God, love, peace

 

 

Title

HIERARCHICAL SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND THE SOCIAL SPACES FORMATION IN TRADITIONAL LIMASAN HOUSE OF JAVANESE MIDDLE-CLASS SOCIETY

Author

Yunita Setyoningrum, Yasraf Amir Piliang, Imam Santosa, Deddy Wahyudi

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 037-045    Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

The importance of hierarchically social structure for Javanese people is reflected in their house and home behavior. Room organization and the daily practice of social interaction occurred in it shows meaning of social hierarchy in the family. Based on the theories of territoriality, this paper aims to describe how the social structure of Laweyan batik merchants, as a middle-class society in Surakarta who had been living in their traditional limasan houses for generations, were implemented to the formation of the social spaces within the house. The remaining wealthy batik merchant houses built around the end of 19th century until the beginning of 20th century in Kampung Batik Laweyan, were chosen as case study in the research.  The case study chosen were restricted to the houses that were still being occupied by the batik merchant descendants whom inherited their batik business.  The discussion used qualitative descriptive method with Saussure model approach to review the usage of rooms for social activities. The paper highlights only on specific areas used for main social activities, which were called pendhapa, dalem ageng, and gandhok.  The review method first analyzed the dweller’s territoriality behavior as marker (signifier) and correlating them to hierarchical social structure (signified). The main elements that will be discussed here are center or domain of space with its boundaries, and the accesses or paths into and out from each domain.  

 

Keyword

social structure, territorial behavior, Javanese, limasan house, middle-class society

 

 

Title

THE ADAPTATION OF KOREAN DINING CULTURE IN KOREAN RESTAURANT AT BANDUNG (CASE STUDY: KOREAN HOUSE, HAN KOOK GWAN AND MUJIGAE)

Author

Krismanto Kusbiantoro and Park Eun Hee

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 046-053   Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

It is undeniable that the Korean popular culture has swept the world in various aspects of life. Indonesia is no exception gets the impact of this phenomenon; it is supported by the good diplomatic relations and mutual cooperation in the economic field between the two countries. The number of Koreans in Indonesia are coupled with the development of the phenomenon, and followed by the raised of the typical Korean culinary business opportunities that characterized by the increasing number of Korean restaurants in Indonesia.
Eating is not merely a human primary needs, but also become part of the culture of life and civilization of a nation. How to eat, types of food and eating traditions of Korean people are very distinctive and is supposed to have an impact on the form of the space and their dining facilities. This has become one of the aspects to be considered as a selling point for Korean restaurants in foreign countries, including in Indonesia. This paper will describe comprehensivelyon howdining culture adaptation in Korean society, conducted in 3 Korean restaurants in Bandung, especially in the room and dining facilities.
Dining culture using chopsticks and spoons, sitting cross-legged and eating straight from the pan becomes the attractiveness of typical Korean restaurants. By considering the characteristics of a traditional Korean house, or hanok, the third restaurant that became a case study, namely Korean House, Han Kook Gwan and Mujigae strives to create a Korean sensation and atmosphere through three things: the use of materials and natural atmosphere in the dining area, the table and dining area design as well as the use of typical Korean dining tools.

 

Keyword

food culture, adaptation, restaurant, design

 

 

Title

THE CONTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURE TO DEVELOPMENT: A CRITICAL REVIEW IN ETHIOPIAN CONTEXT

Author

Chala Dechassa & Terefe Tolosa

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 054-066    Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

Agriculture is the mainstay of the majority of Ethiopians, with an estimated more than 80 percent of the labor force engaged in this sector. It is the backbone of the national economy constituting 43 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and 80 percent of export value, and provides basic needs and income to more than 90% of the population. Agriculture is also a key driver of Ethiopia’s long-term growth and food security because of its role in capital accumulation. But due to the small land holdings by the farmers, low level of technological inputs and environmental fluctuations particularly the rainfall pattern and distribution the sector is not providing the anticipated growth for capital accumulation in the last couple of years (Geremew Garje, 2000). ......................................

 

Keyword

 

 

 

Title

ERADICATION OF BEGGING FROM ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE: AN ANALYSIS

Author

Rashidah Nawmy, Dr. M. A. Mannan

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 067-078    Vol 32. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

 The religion of Islam is designed to guarantee the establishment of a noble and virtuous society where the rich and the poor, the well-off and the needy, the powerful and powerless can safely coexist. Islam considers begging a hateful and forbidden act except in case of dire necessity. Muslims believe it's better to depend on Allah for everything the "Provider & Protector."
According to Islamic beliefs, no Muslim should ever be hungry and no Muslim must ever beg. This means that as a Muslim nation, it's believed that it is the community's responsibility to assist those who are in genuine need. Islamic Sha`riah command and encourages working and views it as a high virtue; it forbids and disapproves laziness and begging. Begging impairs human honor and virtue, shatters personality and leads to the exploitation of benevolent people's pure feelings, is regarded as ugly act.
A report Issued by the United Nations International labor Organization in 2000 estimated the number of those with special needs to be more than 610 Million, out of which 400 million live in developing countries. According to the World Bank statistics, this category represents 15 percent of the world population.

 

Keyword

Begging, Zakat, Ushr.