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August 2013 Volume 14. Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

 

Title

ECONOMIC VALUATION OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS: A REVIEW OF STUDIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

Author

Shammi Akhter & Tai Shzee Yew

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-016  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are key habitats for the conservation of important marine resources. However, most of the MPAs in the world are mismanaged. This paper provides a review of some of the valuation studies on marine protected areas in Southeast Asia. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether economic valuation provides valuable information to policy makers to mitigate the problems in marine protected areas in Southeast Asia. There are 17 studies related to marine protected areas in Southeast Asia that are discussed in this paper in order to determine their implications in policy decisions. Findings from these studies are inferred to maintain sustainable marine resource management in Southeast Asia. Results from this study suggest that more research is needed, as there are limited literatures on this important issue. Moreover, economic valuation is able to provide vital information in policy implications.  

Keyword

Economic valuation, Marine Protected Areas, Valuation Methods, Sustainable Coastal Development, Policy implications

 

 

Title
UNEARTHING ECONOMIC GROWTH PERFORMANCES OF 5  ASIAN TIGERS BY USING ANOVA METHODOLOGY
Author

Hüseyin Çetin

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 017-026  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This article was written via taking China economic development perspective into account.China average economic growth comparison has been done with Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, Korea average economic growth comparison within the period of 1980-2010.Between that period,China economic growth is significantly higher than Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore economic growth. Moreover, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore 30 year average economic growth performance is significantly higher than the Japan 30 year average economic growth performance. In addition to that, Singapore, Korea and Taiwan average economic growth performance is not significantly different from each other. In this article, understanding  Akamatsu theory is important.Akamatsu indicated that 5 Asian tigers had similar economic  policies within different time periods which is dubbed as  flying geese theory.According to that theory, China became new leader in 1980. In addition, FDI is another  important reason for China economic growth.
                                                    JEL CODE
                                                       JEL:F43

Keyword

1980-2010,one way anova test,flying geese theory ,average economic growth performance

 

 

Title

A STUDY ON DELAY IN THE DISPOSAL OF CIVIL LITIGATION: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

Author

Mohammad  Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 027-035  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

An essential requirement of justice is that it should be dispensed as quickly as possible. It is a well-known adage that, “justice delayed is justice denied”. However, delay in litigation is equally proverbial and though it may sound paradoxical, the fact remains that the very provisions of the Code, which are designed to facilitate smooth and speedy trial of cases, are misused and abused which causes delay in disposing cases indefinitely and ultimate success in the cause often proves illusory. The result is obvious, that cases pile up and huge arrears accumulate in all courts. Since no law intends to increase difficulties, but to ameliorate them; loopholes in law cannot be said to be only responsible for delay in disposal and increases number of suits but may be said to be responsible for expanding scope of technicalities which in essence, influence the parties to take advantage of such technicalities with intent to cause delay in the disposal of suits. The present procedure with existing loopholes is not able enough in coping with the present difficulties arising out of technicalities and of intentional delays and practical barriers. So there is an urgent need to moderate the present procedure of administration of civil justice. Moreover, procedure is the handmaid of justice; it is to be used so as to advance the cause of justice and not to thwart it. This paper aims at identifying these causes for delay in disposal of civil cases and suggests remedial measures.

Keyword

ADR, Civil justice, Ex parte, Dual Jurisdiction, Adjournment, CRO Mechanisms, Ad interim, Procedural law, ACR.

 

 

Title

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN NESTs AND NNESTs BASED ON PERCEPTIONS OF STUDENTS IN PREPARATION CLASSES

Author

Prof. Dr. Hasan ÇAKIR & Instructor Yusuf DEMİR,

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 036-046  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study aims to unravel the perceptions and attitudes of Turkish students towards native English-speaking instructors and the potential differences between native and non-native English speaking instructors in the eyes of Turkish students, who have been taught in preparation classes at Basic English Department in Middle East Technical University, Turkey. With the purpose of collecting data, a questionnaire, mostly constructed by the researchers and partly taken from Moussu’s (2006) study , was carried out to 96 Turkish students to find out their impressions on both their NES(Native English Speaking) and NNES(Non-native English Speaking) instructors. The results based on their perceptions highlighted significant differences between NES and NNES instructors. While NES instructors were considered to teach such language skills as speaking, listening, pronunciation and vocabulary better, NNES instructors outshone with their skills in teaching grammar and building communication with their students. This study also made clear that NES instructors were seen as better sources of motivation.

Keyword

NES and NNES instructors, students’ perceptions, language skills, motivation

 

 

Title

REFLECTION OF BLOOM’S REVISED TAXONOMY IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCE QUESTIONS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

Author

Mahbubul Hasan, Iffat Naomee & Rokshana Bilkis

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 047-056  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Innovation of new methods and techniques in assessment is always a desire for this 21st century. Educators and teachers are trying their best to innovate new assessment techniques for sharpening students’ intelligence. Following this trend the Government of Bangladesh has also introduced creative question using the idea of Bloom’s revised taxonomy from 2011 at secondary level. However, is the technique really being creative enough to judge students’ creativity, is a question. This study tried to give some insights for the answer of that question. The objectives of this study were to examine the reflection of Bloom’s revised taxonomy in the social science questions of Secondary School Certificate Examination of Dhaka board and to compare the level of applying Bloom’s revised taxonomy in the questions before and after creative question has been set. The study was descriptive in nature and was primarily based on document analysis. Secondary School Certificate Examination question papers of Social Science of Dhaka board of the years 2009 to 2012 had been analyzed for the study. The findings were that in the year 2009 and 2010 most of the objective type questions were based on knowledge and understanding. On the other hand for subjective type questions few questions were found from understanding and analyzing besides knowledge based questions. A quite different scenario was in 2011 and 2012 where importance had been given to knowing, understanding, applying and analyzing in both subjective and objective questions; however, evaluating and creating was ignored again. So, for a quality education it has been suggested to use all the sub-domains of Cognitive domain of Bloom’s revised taxonomy in all the subjective ad objective questions of every subject of secondary level of Bangladesh.

Keyword

Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, Social Science, Secondary School Certificate Examination

 

 

Title

DETERMINATION AND ANALYSIS OF FOREST VILLAGER-FOREST MANAGEMENT CONFLICTION THREATING SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FOREST RESOURCES: ALABARDA CASE STUDY

Author

Ali Durkaya,Sinan Kaptan & Birsen Durkaya

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 057-066  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Purpose- In practice of forestry of Turkey, plan implementation results could not reach at desired situations exactly. Besides some technical and natural troubles, the problem is in fact the result of conflictions between forestry management and forest villagers. Nowadays, it is understood that it is not possible to obtain complete success in forestry management without performing confliction management. With this study, it was aimed to define forest villager, to determine the factors affecting crime awareness of forest villagers, to understand the reasons of conflictions, and to eliminate those reasons.

Design/methodology/approach- A questionnaire form was prepared for this purpose. In order to support data obtained through that form and to obtain additional data, population changes in years were obtained, and forest crime records were examined. By evaluating the data statistically, the important factors affecting crime and crime awareness were determined. It is tried to obtain results which can be used as confliction management tool.

Findings- The crimes acknowledge level of local people is very higher than their legal rights acknowledge level. Again, although the sentences are found very severe, the conflictions outstanding as forest crimes due to needs continue. While forestry activities are seen as business by minority, forest is seen as just a wood resource by larger part of people. The most important and attention-grabbing thought is the forest villagers’ general acceptance that forests cannot be protected by foresters. While the crime awareness of non-educated villagers presents the lowest level, it is seen that crime awareness increases in parallel with improving educational background.

Keyword

Forest ecosystem, social learning, conflict, villager

 

 

Title

ASSESSMENT OF HYDROGEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR SAFE DRINKING WATER TO UNPRIVILEGED COMMUNITY IN REGIONS WITH HIGH ARSENIC GROUNDWATER AT MATLAB, BANGLADESH

Author

M Moklesur Rahman, A S M Woobaidullah, Kazi Matin Ahmed, M. Aziz Hasan, M Hossain, Prosun Bhattacharya, Mattias Von Bromssen, Gunnar Jacks

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 067-075  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Bangladesh consists mainly of the Bengal Delta Plain (BDP) created by the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna river system. Geogenic arsenic already has limited the usage of groundwater is primarily associated with the Holocene Alluvial aquifers of the BDP (BGS, 2001; Ravenscroft, 2001). Most of the shallow tubewells (depths 15m -50m) installed in Holocene aquifers is found to be highly As contaminated (Ahmed et al., 2004; van Geen et al., 2002, 2005). Matlab at Chandpur district in middle southeastern part of Bangladesh is one of such arsenic hotspots in Bangladesh. Many unprivileged people in Matlab have been suffering from serious arsenicosic disease. To abate this acute problem, an attempt has been taken to assess hydrogeological conditions for providing safe drinking water as a sustainable option. Therefore, all climatological data and geological data for that area were collected and intensively analyzed. The mean annual rainfall of the area is about 2000mm. Geological borelog data reflects that the subsurface geology of the area is divided in six lithologic units viz. Gray Silty Clay superficial unit extended vertically from 5 meter to 15 meter, Gray fine Sand encountered at different depths the predominant unit, Gray hard Clay more sticky and continuous layer having reasonable thickness (18 to 36 meter), Whitish grey medium to coarse Sand more localized and pinched out unit, Bluish grey medium to coarse Sand and Yellowish brown medium to coarse Sand so called oxidized horizon continuous unit with reasonable thickness. These units have broadly categorized into Aquitard-1 very thin and topmost layer, Aquifer-1 varies in thickness from 3m to 61m providing arsenic contaminated water to people, Aquitard-2 variable thickness (3m to 37m) prohibits vertical percolation of contaminated water and Aquifer-2 with reasonable thickness is considered good reservoir of potable water for sustainable groundwater development and arsenic concentration is within the permissible limit. Groundwater monitoring results shows that no long term water level depletion has occurred rather seasonal fluctuations yet and the hydraulic gradient is towards the Meghna River.

Keyword

Arsenic, Hydrogeology, Groundwater, Lithology, Aquifer, Aquitard, Matlab

 

 

Title

DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING DETECTION IN READING COMPREHENSION TEST USING MANTEL-HAENSZEL, ITEM RESPONSE THEORY, AND LOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS

Author

Teodora M. Salubayba

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 076-082  Vol 014. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The Mantel-Haenszel (MH) and Item Response Theory One-Parameter Logistic (IRT-1PL) model were investigated for their sensitivity in detecting (differential item functioning) DIF in Reading Comprehension test administered to 1925 Grade Six pupils. The pupils were from six mixed-gender and three all-girl schools run by religious congregation in the Philippines. The two DIF procedures revealed that the focal group (boys in gender-based DIF, girls in mixed-gender schools in school type-based DIF) was disadvantaged in most of the items. Large and consistent differences between the performances on the test items of the focal group and the reference group were evident under IRT-1PL as also depicted in the item characteristic curves (ICC). MH detected fewer DIF items that resulted to more DIF-free items. On the contrary, IRT-1PL detected more DIF items that produced brief test instrument. Items flagged as DIF were subjected to qualitative logical data analysis (LDA), a review process done by the test users, practitioners, and the examinees themselves. LDA involved focus group discussions (FGD) and interviews. Responses from the FGD and interviews confirmed biased items and revealed causes of DIF items like words and phrases in the items, options that favored one group, familiarity with the reading selections, among other things. Recommendations include reviewing the reading selections in the test, item writing procedures, considering response patterns and choice of distracter in DIF procedures, and creating better test evaluation practices to ensure fair tests and assessments.

Keyword

Differential Item Functioning, Item Response Theory, Item Characteristic Curves, Mantel-Haenszel, Qualitative Logical Data Analysis