Subscribe : Newsletter
Name
Email

July 2013 Volume 13. Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

 

Title

TIME SERIES ANALYSIS OF CHINA’S EXTERNAL DEBT COMPONENTS, FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES AND ECONOMIC GROWTH RATES

Author

Hüseyin Çetin

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-015  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

   China has sustainable economic growth performance after adapting open economy.In this article, time series analysis applied and it has been found that  China’s short term external debts, foreign exchange reserves, total external debts have significant impact on China’s economic growth rates within the period of 1982-2009.According to Granger causality analysis, China’s foreign exchange reserves can forecast China’s economic growh rates.Impulse response analysis and variance decomposition analysis implies that China’s foreign exchange reserves innovation impact on China’s economic growth rates is more than China’s short term external debt rates innovation impact on China’s economic growth rates.

 

Keyword

China’s foreign exchange reserves rates, China’s short term external debt rates, China’s economic growth rates, Johansen cointegration test, Granger causality test, impulse response analysis, variance decomposition analysis

 

 

Title

GLOBAL EXPERIENCES OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP: LESSONS FOR BANGLADESH

Author Abdullah Mohammad Ahshanul Mamun, Nazamul Hoque, Abdullahil Mamun &
Manjur Rashad Masum
Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 016-038  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Public private partnership (PPP) is no more considered as a trial and error concept rather it is applied widely around the world as a tested and successful means in facilitating the delivery of high quality goods and services. But the efficient utilization of PPP is a challenging job. In this paper a thorough review and evaluation has been done on the experiences of PPP of different developed and developing countries of the world in order to identify the critical factors of PPP to provide necessary guidelines to the key stakeholders of Bangladesh considering its context with a view to accelerate the wheel of economy through proper utilization of different successful models of PPP.

 

Keyword

Public Private Partnership, Bangladesh.

 

 

Title

RELATIONSHIP AMONG POPULATION, ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN MALAYSIA

Author

Mohd Shahidan Shaari, Hafizah Abdul Rahim & Intan Maizura Abd Rashid

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 039-045  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper aims to examine the relationship among population, energy consumption and economic growth. First, a unit root test was conducted, in which data were shown to be non-stationary in all levels, and stationary in the first difference for all variables. The co-integration model was applied, and the results indicated that one co-integrating equation exists, suggesting the long-term relationship among population, energy consumption and economic growth in Malaysia. Finally, Granger causality model was conducted, and the results showed that population has an effect on energy consumption and energy consumption contributes to economic growth in Malaysia.

Keyword

population, energy consumption, economic growth

 

 

Title

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TURKEY AND MALAYSIA IN 19TH CENTURY AND THE IMPACT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF
MAJALAH AHKAM JOHOR

Author

Abd Jalil Borham

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 046-050  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

During the Johor Government in Malaysia through modern times, it did not escape from accepting the influence of foreign countries. Sultan Abu Bakar was responsible for foreign policy of his country, had a different series of visits and the establishment of diplomatic relations with countries in Europe and the Middle East. Looking at this policy was not surprising, that Johor was the first Malaysia state has its own written constitution in 1895.

Position as a state which was in the process of implementing Islamic law can be seen when Johor have good relationship with the Turkish Ottoman Government. The biggest Turkish influence in the administration of Islamic law in the state of Johor was the implementation of Islamic civil law named Majalah Ahkam Johor. This Majalah has been taken from Majallah al-Ahkam al-`Adliyyah of Ottoman Government implemented in Turkey in the 19th century AD and its influence spread throughout a colony of Turkey at that time.

This shows the Johor Government's relationship with the Government of Ottoman have gone so close, particularly when under the reign of Sultan Abu Bakar and generally before the existence of the Malacca Islamic government. Marital relations, trade, culture, arts, law and others to convince us that strong relationship between the two countries have gone a long time.

Keyword

Turkish Ottoman, Majallah al-Ahkam al-`Adliyyah, Majalah Ahkam Johor

 

 

Title

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SELF ESTEEM AS DETERMINANTS OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLE
(PAKISTANI WOMEN LEADERS IN FOCUS)

Author

Ms. Hifsa Ashraf

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 051-065  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

It is perceived that leadership phenomenon is usually associated with the men only. However, paradigm shift in leadership revealed that there are certain personality attributes if controlled make women effective leaders.  Among these personality attributes, emotional intelligence and self esteem indicate the success of leadership styles especially transformational leadership. Therefore, this research study was designed in order to observe the intervening role of emotional intelligence and self esteem in transformational leadership style among women. Thus, the purpose of this study is to underline the role of emotional intelligence and self esteem as determinants of transformational leadership style in women. For study design, overall 65 women leaders were selected from different public and private institutes of Pakistan. Three self reported scales were used in order to measure the variables namely Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS) for the measurement of emotional intelligence, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) for the measurement of self esteem, and self reported (leader form) of Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ, 5X) with 45 items for the measurement of transformational leadership style. All hypotheses were accepted as a result of empirical study and conclusion was drawn to increase the understanding and significance of emotional intelligence and self esteem as determinants of transformational leadership style in women.

 

Keyword

Emotional intelligence, Self esteem, Transformational leadership

 

 

Title

THE CHALLENGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC LEADERSHIP:
A VIEW ON WESTERN AND ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES

Author

Kartini Kamaruzzaman & Dr Siti Suriani Othman

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 066-075  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Managing organization is associated with leadership as it also manages the social system in that organization and other compartments of division. Leadership alone does not assure that an organization may operate successfully unless there is smooth flow of communication. Communication is the biggest challenge in an organization because it involves going beyond mediated or un-mediated channels. The variation of authority level in management might affect the flow and the exposure of communication among members of the organization. The fear of being isolated for giving any opinion is another thing that still happens in our Islamic organization. The bonding of each member is far away from the value of 'Ukhuwwah' while there are in existence groups in the organization that try to differentiate each other by name calling or status and some organizations are still seeking unlawful revenues which contradict the Islamic ways of organizational leadership. These are the obstructions that might hinder the development of Islamic leadership in our country. Thus, this paper attempts to discuss the challenges in the development of Islamic leadership and to offer some resolutions that the organization might implement.

 

Keyword

Challenges, Organizational Leadership, Islamic Leadership.


 

 

Title

GEOGRAPHY TEACHER CANDIDATES’ COMPETENCIES OF USING GEOGRAPHY TEACHING METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN A SAMPLE CLASS ENVIRONMENT

Author

Dr. Yusuf Kilinç

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 076-091  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study aims at investigating the geography teaching competencies of fourth and fifth grader geography teacher candidates at Marmara University, Atatürk Faculty of Education in geography teaching methods and techniques and the effect of exemplary in-course applications on their teaching competencies. In line with this purpose, some in-course activities developed and applied to geography graduates towards teaching some selected geography topics in the course period “2012-2013”. Pre and post-tests which have been developed by taking learned-opinion of the experts in 5-Likert scale applied to the sample group of students before and after in-course activities. The data acquired by these tests evaluated through descriptive analysis method. By the research, some critical skills of the students including using visual materials, using case studies, voice control, establishing dialogue with the students, class control, asking and answering geographic questions, using blackboard, map skills, etc. were investigated and analyzed. The research results evaluated and short and long term solutions and suggestions were made upon the research findings.

Keyword

Geograph teaching methodsy, geography teacher competencies, example class applications

 

 

Title

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS THAT LEAD TO POOR PERFORMANCE IN KENYA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EXAMINATION IN EMBU DISTRICT IN KENYA

Author

Njagi Karue & Dr. Wycliffe Amukowa

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 092-108  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study was conceived on realization that day secondary schools performed below par in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in Embu District. It set to find out factors affecting performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in day secondary schools in Embu District of Eastern Province, Kenya. The input – output relationship or Education Production Function was used. The researcher used stratified random sampling while questionnaires were used to collect data. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, multiple correlation and regression analysis. The SPSS statistical package was used to determine correlation and regression results. The factors which may affect performance in day secondary schools in the District include inter – alia unfavourable home environments and family backgrounds, which work negatively for students as they pursue their reading, lack of reading materials, chores at home, poor lighting, bad company, lack of proper accommodation, chronic absenteeism emanating from lack of school fees, admission of weak students at form one entry, inadequate instructional materials and physical facilities. The study makes far reaching recommendations to arrest the factors which affect performance of day secondary schools in Embu District. Among recommendations were that head teachers should as far as possible desist from sending students home for fees.

Keyword

Education, Performance, Examinations, Schools

 

 

Title

ASSESSING EFFICIENCY OF PRIVATE SHRIMP SEED PRODUCERS IN SELECTED HATCHERIES OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Author

Mohd Ammarr Bin Mohd Aripin, Md. Ferdous Alam & Mohd Mansor Ismail

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 109-114  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This study aims at estimating technical, allocative and cost efficiency of shrimp/prawn seed producers of Malaysia and determining costs and return in shrimp/prawn seed production. Data collected from 19 hatcheries (comprising 10 brackishwater shrimp hatcheries and 9 freshwater prawn hatcheries) from the states of Penang, Perak, Terengganu and Selangor were used in the study. Data Envelopment Analysis was applied to estimate efficiency scores of the hatcheries. Besides, cost, return and profitability of hatcheries was examined using farm management procedure. The TECRS (overall technical efficiency) was found to be 0.582 for brackishwater shrimp hatcheries and 0.692 for freshwater prawn hatcheries. Pure technical efficiency (TEVRS) averaged 0.907 for shrimp hatcheries and 0.918 for prawn hatcheries indicating that inefficiencies to the level of 9-10 percent do exist. Allocative efficiency (AE) and cost efficiencies (CE) were 0.78 and 0.70 for brackishwater shrimp hatchery and 0.79 and 0.73 for freshwater prawn hatcheries suggesting that the realized level of spawn/fry could be produced by the hatcheries by spending 21-22 percent less on inputs.

Keyword

Cost Benefit Ratio, Data Envelopment Analysis, Shrimp and Prawn Hatchery

 

 

Title

EXAMINING GENDER DIFFERENCES IN CREATIVITY

Author

Kuan Chen Tsai

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 115-122 Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

According to creativity literature, the results about gender differences in creativity are mixed. The main purpose of this study was to examine the gender differences in creative performance by using the Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT). The majority of creativity studies focus on children and young adults. The focus of the current study, however, was on older adults. The results of this study suggest that gender differences using the CAT to evaluate creativity in terms of collage do exist. Male adults excelled females in creative performance of collage making-tasks, however, from a technical perspective, there was no difference between the two groups. With regard to the educational level (graduate and doctoral), no difference was found in creativity and technical goodness. Taken as a whole, the CAT shows some value in examining creative performance in adult learners.

Keyword

Gender differences, creativity, the Consensual Assessment Technique

 

 

Title

ECOFEMINISM: WOMEN’S WORK ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
IN SORSOGON PROVINCE, PHILIPPINES

Author

Glenton O. Guiriba

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 123-133  Vol 013. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper describes the perspectives of ecofeminism and the roles of women in environmental protection and conservation. It also discusses the experiences the experiences of women in environmental protection and conservation work in the Province of Sorsogon, Philippines. The discussion is based on a study which looked into issues such as women’s perspectives of the environment; the nature of their participation in environmental protection and conservation; the challenges they encountered and the approaches they adapted in relation to the challenges; the roles played in the environmental protection and conservation; and their views on the connection between women and environment.

Keyword