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February 2018 Volume 60th . Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

 

Title

EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPOWERMENT PROBLEMS WITH SOCIAL WELFARE PROBLEMS
IN POVERTY MANAGEMENT
(Study In Nyomplong Village Sub-District Warudoyong
Sukabumi City West Java Province)

Author

Udaya Madjid, Romi Saputra

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-024 Vol 60. No. 1 -- 2018
Abstract

This study discusses the effectiveness, supporting and inhibiting factors and formulate strategies to overcome obstacles in the implementation of the the Physically Empowerment Program Social Problems through the Joint Business Group in the Village Nyomplong Sukabumi Regency.
The design used in this research using descriptive method with qualitative-inductive approach. Data analysis techniques used in descriptive research through data selection, data reduction and verification of data and using SWOT analysis in order to formulate strategies to overcome obstacles.
The results of this study can be explained that the effectiveness of implementation of the People Empowerment Program Social Problems through the Joint Business Group (KUBE) in Nyomplong Village generally been effective as seen from the achievement on Program Objectives, Increasing Income, and Ability to Solve Social Problems Increased Functionality of Members, but there are programs that can not be achieved in accordance with the objectives of the Sustainability Program, especially in the capital increase business.
Supporting factors in the implementation of this program are active members in managing their business, Motivation members to implement and manage the business is high enough, the support from the community and coaching. While the inhibiting factors are: management and assistance that have not been effective, Human Resources (members) are still low, the absence of additional capital in order to develop joint business groups, marketing the products that have not reached the market and Unfair Business Competition.
Appropriate strategies used to overcome barriers that permit service quality improvement (1) Human Resource Development (Member) KUBE and established a partnership with Micro Finance Institutions, (2) Change renewal Management KUBE and Utilizing advances in information technology, (3) Revitalization KUBE Organization, (4) Making Adjustments and evaluation of programs and activities are a priority and the provision of venture capital in order to increase business KUBE.

Keyword Empowerment, Social Problems, Poverty Reduction
 

 

Title

PARTICIPATORY POLICY MAKING
WITHIN PERSPECTIVE OF COLLABORATIVE GOVERNANCE
IN SAMBAS REGENCY WEST KALIMANTAN PROVINCE

Author

Urai Willy Mulyadi, Muchlis Hamdi, Muhadam Labolo, Rossy Lambelanova

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 025-040 Vol 60. No. 1 -- 2018
Abstract

Conventional model of public policy making in Sambas Regency, West Kalimantan Province, all this time relies more on structural and elite elements with less transparent process. This has implication that many cases of planning fail to identify and accommodate governance problems. This research used exploratory qualitative method assisted by soft system methodology as suggested by Checkland (1999). Research analysis used theory of collaborative governance to describe the planning process of RPJMD (Medium-Term Development Plan) 2016-2021. Result shows that failure in planning process all this time is due to limited access of stakeholders’ involvement and very dominant role of government, hence RPJMD is not viewed as shared commitment and responsibility, which leads to each party working independently according to their own interests. It is also apparent that planning all this time fails to comply with accessibility and drivers, in form of political education for public, and poor seriousness in bureaucratic reform as implementation reference for participatory policy making within collaborative governance in a number of regions with similar characteristics.

Keyword

Collaborative governance, dimension of accessibility, political education for public, bureaucratic reform and participatory policy.

 

 

Title

INDONESIA DEFENSE STRATEGY DEALING WITH SHIFT
THE UNITED STATES STRATEGY IN ASIA PACIFIC

Author
Dr. Suwarti Sari, S.IP., M.Si
Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 041-060 Vol 60. No. 1 -- 2018
Abstract The end of the cold war marked a significant shift in the international system in the Asia Pacific region. The emergence of China as a new emerging power and great economic power, bringing the United States (US) to implement policy Rebalancing Strategy. To strengthen its presence in Asia-Pacific A puts 2,500 marines in Darwin, Australia. This is a challenge for Indonesia that is geographically adjacent. The existence of a US base can be a threat at any time. The US can attack Indonesia with close proximity and a very short time. If not taken seriously, it will have an impact on Indonesia's security stability. Indonesia's defense strategy was developed both militarily and non-military. Military by gradually modernizing and nirmiliter defense developed by carrying out diplomatic functions.
Keyword
Defense, Defense Strategy, Rebalancing, Military, Asia Pacific.