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February 2017 Volume 49th . Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

Title

THE INFLUENCE OF REGIONAL EXPANSION AND GOVERNANCE PERFORMANCE TOWARD COMMUNITY WELFARE IN OGAN ILIR DISTRICT SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE

Author

Radjab Semendawai

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-017    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

The phenomenon that made the object of research is the community welfare in Ogan Ilir District, South Sumatra Province. The research objective was to discuss the influence of Regional Expansion and Governance Performance toward Community Welfare. The study used quantitative research approach. Samples are 226 respondents drawn from the study population as many as 550 people using the Table of Krejcie. Collecting data using literature study, questionnaire and observation. Data analysis using SEM Analysis and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results of the study are the following:
The amount of the influenceof Regional Expansion toward the Community Welfare reached 0.79. Has proven that the influence of Regional Expansion toward the Community Welfare determined by aspirations, strategy, organizational skills, systems and infrastructure, human resources, organizational structure and culture.
The amount of influence on the Government Performance toward Community Welfare reached 0.75. The amount of influence on the Government Performance toward Community Welfare contributions are determined by individual performance to increase community welfare, contribution by  group's performance to increase community welfare, and contribution by  organizational performance to increase community  welfare.
Therefore the influence of Regional Expansion and government performance together toward Community Welfare.
The new concept is derived from the discussion of the influence of Regional Expansion and Performance Governance The Welfare Society in Ogan Ilir is: First, the concept of Cultural Change Work Government conceptualized as the development and adjustment of the values of work and the work of government bureaucracy in the public welfare that includes a change in norms work; work ethic and work ethos; second, the concept of  Individual Performance Contributions absorbed into the government's performance according to job function and areas of work of the person in order to realize the welfare society of legislative members performance contributions; apparatus of bureaucracy unit performance contribution; sub district administrative performance contribution; apparatus village performance contribution; and  NGOs members performance  contributions.

Keyword Regional Expansion, Government Performance. Public welfare
 

 

Title

REGIONAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY EMPOWERMENT

TO ACHIEVE THE ACCELERATION OF EMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION

Author

Dr. Afriadi Syahbana Hasibuan, MPA., MCom (Econ)

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 018-028    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

Decentralization and Regional Autonomy have been running for almost two decades in the unitary Republic of Indonesia (Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia = NKRI). In the course of nearly two decades, the local government system is undergone basic changes from one Act to another Act, on which becomes the foundation of the implementation of the decentralization and regional autonomy. In addition, Act No. 6 of Year 2014 about The Village also experienced several changes, the latter is giving new hope to people with the recognition of rural and indigenous villages. Public expectations with the birth of the Act which is the reference for the work of local government and village can open up job opportunities to accelerate the reduction of poverty. Therefore, Act No. 23 of 2014 on Regional Government and Law No. 6 of 2014 concerning the village were made to respond to the interests of society. The government provides 32 Local Government affairs either obligatory, as well as concurrent affairs.Likewise, the village is given an assignment by the Government to take care of the village administration, rural development, community empowerment and social development (Article 22). The 32 affairs and village assignments are managed and implemented effectively through the mechanism of regional and rural development management for the benefit of society. Giving affairs and the assignment is meant to be able to open up employment opportunities and accelerating poverty reduction in the Region to improve intelligence and prosperity to the region's autonomy (visionary). To achieve this, it is implemented empowerment by giving understanding and preparation of visionary organizations (Local Government) to get an increase in using effective economic resources by digging and manage based on local resources itself by providing a foundation of knowledge to the community to have the professionalism, competence and has the ability to innovate on local economic resources towards regional competitiveness aimed at open and compete to penetrate  global market.

 

Keyword regional and rural development, empowerment, employment, and poverty reduction.
 

 

Title

FACTORS INFLUENCING LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS DECISION IN CHOOSING PUBLIC HIGHER LEARNING INSTITUTIONS IN NORTHERN REGION OF MALAYSIA

Author

Bibi Noraini Mohd Yusuf, M. Qabbir M. Ghazali, Muhammad Fazlee Sham  Abdullah

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 029-041    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

Higher learning institutions have emerged increasingly in numbers in every part of the world and Malaysia too has enticed students, both from local and international students, with wide choices of good and reputable Universities. Presently, there is a significant increase in the number of local students choosing public universities in Malaysia, as compared to enrolment in private universities, to resume their advanced studies. Statistics have also shown an increased in the enrolment by foreign students in Malaysian universities. Various factors have surfaced when describing factors in choosing public universities over private ones and the driving forces behind such selections. The aim of this study is to investigate the factors that have influenced students choosing public higher institutions over private institutions in Malaysia. This study adopted the quantitative method in the investigations, wherein 200 questionnaires were distributed randomly to students of a chosen local university, the University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), to gauge their feedbacks on the factors that have influenced them in choosing public universities in Malaysia. International students were also included as respondents in this study. There were seven (7) independent variables studied in UniMAP, ranging from the reputation of the university, programs offered, facilities provided, overall costs, availability of financial aids / scholarships, influence from peers, families and friends and lastly to locations. Findings revealed that four (4) of the hypotheses were accepted, whilst another three (3) hypotheses were rejected. The results of this study could greatly help to assist other public institutions of higher learning to have better understanding of the factors that influence students’ decision to pursue their advanced studies in public universities in Malaysia, thereby enabling a plethora of appropriate enrolment strategies be undertaken to create a more conducive and attractive education environment.

 

Keyword student decision, reputation of university, programs offered, facilities, cost, availability of financial aids/scholarships, influence from peers, families and friends and locations.
 

 

Title

THE EFFECT OF IMPLEMENTATION VILLAGE SECRETARY POLICY TO BE ELIGIBLE CIVIL SERVANT REGARDING TO THEIR PERFORMANCE AND ITS IMPLICATION IN GOWA REGENCY, SOUTH SULAWESI

Author

Udaya Madjid

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 042-052    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

The essential government function is giving services to the community, both on public and civil services. This study focused on policy implementation (X) with dimensions of policy content and policy context influence on employee performance (Y) with quantitative and qualitative dimensions, and the implications on the quality of service (Z) with cover five dimensions : tangible, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and emphaty. Design research is an explanatory survey method with quantitative approach. Data analysis from 275 respondents through multi stage cluster sampling combined with simple and stratified random sampling and it process using path analysis. The results showed the fact findings to the development of Merilee S. Grindle’ theory on the implementation of the policy by adding on it of the importance of perfect implementator policy to the achievement of outcomes.

 

Keyword Policy implementation, performance and Servant quality
 

 

Title

REGIONAL HEAD ELECTION IN INDONESIA AND ITS ELECTORAL DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROCESS

Author

Hardiansyah

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 053-066    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

A Direct Regional Head Election (Pilkada Langsung) system has a number of advantages compared to the political recruitment system provided by the centralized model in the Act No.5 of 1974 or the representative democracy model in the Act No.22 of 1990 in conjunction with the Act No.32 of 2014 concerning Regional Administration.
A democratic, honest and fair general election (free and fair elections) can be accomplished if there is some legal instrument that regulates all the election process works as well as to safeguard the election administrators, participants, candidates, voters, observers, and state citizens against fear, intimidation, violence, bribery, fraud and other various deceptive practices to affect the election results.
However, an interesting situation to study more is that the Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi) is given very short time by law to resolve a Regional-Head Election dispute and the verdict is eagerly awaited by the regional head candidates declared won the election by the Constitutional Court in which previously the suit was already filed in the first place by the candidates who was lost in competing in the regional head election. Moreover, other candidates, who also have the same interest in the process for nominating in the regional head election, still have legal remedy namely failing a lawsuit at State Administrative Court (PTUN), then an appeal until cassation at the Supreme Court. The interesting thing is that there is one pair of candidates who has not completed in making the legal remedy and has not obtained the Inkrach (final and binding) verdict from the related court, but the National Election Commission (KPU) has declared the winner of the regional head candidates, and worse yet, the decision is until at the phase of inauguration. Consequently, how the legal certainty can be obtained by the parties who make the legal remedy in the court of general jurisdiction (peradilan umum) if the Constitutional Court has ordered the National Election Commission to make inauguration to the pair of candidates that has been declared winning by the Constitutional Court.
Hence, the author would like to review more deeply regarding the legal resolution for the head regional election. Subsequently, what the author would like to deliver is how to conduct the dispute resolution process of Regional Head Election in Indonesia.

 

Keyword Regional Head Election, Dispute, Resolution.
 

 

Title

THE ORIGINAL OF MALAY SONGS (OMS) AS THE SYMBOLISM OF MALAY CULTURAL HERITAGE

Author

Tengku Ritawati

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 067-072    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

The Original  of Malay Songs (OMS) is a music song genre which has a long history background since the presence of Rubaiyat Arts and traditional poetry in the peninsula of North Sumatera since the 16th century. This investigation made to find out the musical culture and the Indonesian Archipelago songs and particularly  to the Original of Malay Songs which have become heritage for Malay Nations and Malay lovers in all over the world. As the form of culture studies by Malay people from generation to generation for centuries. OMS is a symbolic nature  from musical communication use either informal or  formal. Therefore, this investigation is a research framework of OMS as the symbolism of cultural heritage traditionally. This investigation involved job field by using semi-structured interview technique to collect  further data  then processed by implementing analitic-descriptive method. Data gained  from four legendaric people of OMS then studied by implementing literature study method and elaboration of note field. In the end, the  product of this research  is a description on how OMS as  the symbolism of Malay Cultural Heritage gained hereditary from generation to generations.

 

Keyword Original Malay Songs, Symbolism, Heritage, Culture, Malay.
 

 

Title

SENSITIVITY OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM TOWARDS TO INTERIOR DESIGN ELEMENTS IN BANDUNG CITY, INDONESIA

Author

Kharista Astrini Sakya, Imam Santosa, Andar Bagus

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 073-082    Vol 49. No. 1 -- 2017
Abstract

A space should be adapted to the characteristics owned by the user. In this field, an interior designer should be able to make sufficient space for the user as well as the activities do in space. Proper for normal users or who have special needs like autistic. The case of the birth of children with autism from year to year is increasing. Year after year passed, the government is now increasingly concerned with the existence of such cases so that the target is to build thousands of special schools with autism.
This study aims to determine the sensitivity of the autistic children toward to interior design elements so that in the next research interior designer can create a design space / room corresponding to the sensitivity of children with autism. The method used was a questionnaire (N = 55) and statistical significance testing by t-test. Researchers used a comparative study with related research, thus aims to determine whether children with autism in Bandung City sensitivity same as the sensitivity of children with autism in a case study related research. The results of significance using t - test showed that it turns all values ​​greater than 0.05 which means there is no significant difference between the sensitivity / autism issue in Bandung City and in the case study related research. It can be concluded that in fact autistic was same / similar between autism sensitivity issues in Bandung City and in related research based on result’s questionnaire.

Keyword

sensitivity, autistic, elements, design, interior