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May 2013 Volume 11. Number 1. ISSN :2305-4557

 

Title

Where You Export Matters

Author

Mert Can DUMAN

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 001-015  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Especially for a few years, the concept of export-led growth has been more and more important in Turkey’s economy policy. According to Turkey’s future project for 2023, it is aimed that the total export volume will be equal to $500 billion per annum. Moreover, because whole growth policies are based on increasing export level, the structure of export policies has been important year by year. It is well known that what a country exports really matters from the study made by Hausmann, Hwang and Rodrik and in this study it is tried to explain that where the country exports matters as well. In the study, it is studied if there is a difference between MENA and Europe markets in the qualification of goods and how Turkey could adapt to this possible difference with its export structure. In addition to these, how Turkey could compete with its rivals among the markets and what results competition within different markets could cause about integration to the others. As a solution of these, it will be illustrated where the country export matters in which ways.

 

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Title

TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION IN PEPPER FARMING: A CASE STUDY IN SARAWAK, MALAYSIA

Author

Anita Rosli, Alias Radam &Khalid Abdul Rahim

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 016-022  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Farm maintenance requires before and after harvest season to minimize the damages of pepper vines and to maintain quality and quantity of pepper berries. Farm maintenance is includes mounding, liming before planting, pruning, weeds control, fertilizing, and pest and disease control. Pepper farmers had inherited about pepper farming practices from parents, based on their experience and they also learned about technology in pepper farming from extension agents. However, pepper farming practices are different among farmers because they come from different socioeconomic background.  This study is carried out to examine the factors influence the adoption of technology in pepper farming among pepper farmers in Sarawak. The results show that the total pepper vines, farming experience, and education level, are significant factors influencing technology adoption in pepper farming.

 

Keyword

Pepper (Piper Nigrum L), Logit Model, Technology Adoption

 

 

Title

EXHAUSTION, DISENGAGEMENT, RESILIENCE,
AND JOB SATISFACTION OF NURSE-EDUCATORS

Author

Paolo T. Lumanlan

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 023-028  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Almost all nursing schools in the Philippines are now faced with considerable number of issues and challenges since the sudden fall of the demand for the profession. With the occurrence of this national phenomenon and the number of labor required in the academe, the work of nurse-educators might be affected. Therefore, this study sought to determine if exhaustion, disengagement, and resilience significantly predicted Filipino nurse-educators’ level of job satisfaction. A correlational design was used; through convenience sampling, one hundred nine nursing faculty members from the different provinces of Central Luzon were recruited. Multiple regression analysis showed that disengagement (p=.001) and resilience (p=.028) were statistically and significantly related to job satisfaction, but not exhaustion (p=.605). However, disengagement and resilience explained only 17.8% of the variance; thus, further research is recommended to explore other variables that could predict nurse-educators’ job satisfaction.

 

Keyword

exhaustion, disengagement, resilience, satisfaction, nurse-educators, Philippines

 

 

Title

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF INFLATION IN BANGLADESH

Author

Md. Tanjil Hossain & Dr. Nazrul Islam

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 029-036  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

The objective of this study is to examine the determinants of inflation using the data from 1990 to 2010. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method has been used to explain the relationships. The empirical results show that money supply, one year lagged value of interest rate positively and significantly affect inflation. Results also indicates that one year lagged value of money supply and one year lagged value of fiscal deficit significantly and negatively influence over inflation rate. There is an insignificant relationship between interest rate, fiscal deficit and nominal exchange rate. The explanatory variables accounted for 87 percent of the variation of inflation during the study period. This study suggests that money supply is to be controlled to reduce inflation. In addition to this reduction of last year interest rate will reduce inflation.

 

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Title

ON DETERMINANTS AND SENSITIVITIES OF OPTION PRICES IN
DELAYED BLACK-SCHOLES MODEL

Author

A. B. M. Shahadat Hossain, Sharif Mozumder

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 037-045  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper investigates determinant-wise effect of option prices when the stock market is replicated by the classical Black-Scholes (B-S) and the delayed Black-Scholes (DB-S) models. We discuss the effects of different choices of delay characterizing functions in DB-S model compare to the B-S model. In so doing, we propose some rational functions which characterize the delay in DB-S model and satisfy the structural hypothesis of DB-S dynamics. A strong observation that stands out from this analysis is that figuring out a proper delay function is anything but obvious.

 

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Title

  GOVERNMENT SUPPORTS AND  SUSTAINABILITY  OF  TOURISM  ENTREPRENEURS IN MALAYSIA

Author

Zaleha Mohamad, Yahaya Ibrahim, Mohd Shaladdin Muda & Safiek Moklis

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 046-051  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between government supports towards sustainability of tourism entrepreneurs in Malaysia. The independent  variable are government supports and  the dependent variable is sustainability. Tourism entrepreneurs  have to be competitive for business survival and government supports programmes are an effective strategies  for developing competitive advantage. Accommodation is one of the important aspects in the tourism development which is the competitive tourist sector. The results of this study will be useful for the academic, government as well as tourism entrepreneurs. The  result will provide useful information that will help the government and agencies related to the tourism entrepreneurs in  designing the most effective programme for the entrepreneurs. It will also serve as reference pertaining to studies involving tourism entrepreneurs.

 

Keyword

Government supports, sustainability, tourism, eentrepreneurs.

 

 

Title

INTERPERSONAL MEANING NEGOTIATION
IN THE TEACHER-STUDENT VERBAL INTERACTION

Author

YULIATI

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 052-060  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Interpersonal meaning describes the social relationship among language users, expresses a speaker’s attitudes and judgments. It also deals with acting upon and with others and is realized in wordings through MOOD and modality. Not to mention that it is most centrally influenced by tenor of discourse. These show that the teacher ability in negotiating the Interpersonal meaning is so significant in building talk or dialogue with the students in academic setting.
This study aims to reveal the role relationship among the teacher and the students of Senior High School 4 Semarang Year XII and the way the teacher negotiate her interpersonal meaning to the students. The design of the research was a discourse analysis concerning on the analysis of mood suggested by Susan Eggins. A transcript of the teacher and students interaction was taken as the main source of data. I analyzed the data by using Mood Analysis suggested by Eggins............................................................................................

 

Keyword

Interpersonal Meaning Negotiation, Verbal Interaction.

 

 

Title

Bt EGGPLANT:A REVIEW OF SCIENCE COMMUNICATION APPROACH IN THE PHILIPPINES

Author

 MS. MA. TERESA R. ESCANO

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 061-068  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper provides for a review of science communication in relation to the controversies surrounding Bt eggplant commercialization in the Philippines.  It looks at the communication messages used by proponents of the biotech crop and the anti-biotechnology groups. It is organized around how these two opposing bodies crafted their messages for public consumption.

Moreover, this paper looked into the deficiencies of science communication in promoting products of advanced science technology such as the Bt eggplant to the public. A point of contention is how the scientific community regards its public in its communication efforts and it further suggested how the public should be viewed by the scientific community. It also explored the merging of multi-disciplinary fields and science communication to address the need of the public to know. This paper puts importance on why science communicators should be able to breakdown science and translate it for the public.

 

Keyword

Science Communication, Advanced Science Technology, Bt eggplant, Fruit and Shoot Borers (FSB), Marketing, Public, and Consumers

 

 

Title

THE REHABILITATION OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDPs) IN ALBAY THROUGH COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION

Author

Renelyn E. Bautista

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 069-118  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This is an ethnographic study that documented community education as a component of the intervention activities implemented in evacuation centers and transitional sites through the Community Mobilization for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Province of Albay. The project was implemented four months after super typhoon Reming (Int’l. code: Durian) devastated Albay on November 30, 2006. This is part of the rehabilitation for IDPs, the term used to include persons displaced from their original homes or settings as a result of a massive disaster. Originally, an IDP is considered as someone displaced from their homes because of wars. But said term has now included those driven from their homes because of massive disasters. Thus, the use of IDP in this study was done in that context.  In studying the intervention activities on community organizing, information dissemination, and trainings conducted, it also looked into the IDP’s life history, before the typhoon, during the typhoon, and after the typhoon with particular focus on the rehabilitation centered on community education. This included the results of said community mobilization in line with empowerment, knowledge and skills gained and socio-economic opportunities derived by the IDPs.  The IDPs life histories were documented through a compilation of their experiences in narrative form using creative writing, particularly the short story genre. From studying the process of mobilization and the intervention activities, extension strategies were proposed in manual form for community organizing and education to contribute to disaster management and disaster risk reduction efforts of the Province and Bicol University’s vision of “bringing the University closer to the community.”

Keyword

displacement, community education, Internally Displaced Persons, extension strategies, community mobilization, barangay (small community within a rural or urban setting)

 

 

Title

BRIDGING THE CULTURE ‘S ENVIRONMENT COMPONENTS INTO A COMMON CAUSE. CASE STUDY: EL ZAHRAWAN CHARITY CORPORATION IN EGYPT.

Author

Dr.  Zeinab Shawky Younis

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 119-130  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Culture in an organization is the set of values that help its members to maintain and understand what an organization is all about and what it stands for. It is considered to be the set of shared meanings that the members cherish and should respect in order to go with the norm of the organization .It also plays a very important role in shaping managerial decisions and behavior as it is the founding base for the internal environment in the organization. Culture determines the theme of the organization whether it is ethical, social or political. The Culture is engraved in the people‘s mind and the organization’s background and the starting point behind any organizational culture comes from its founder. The organization-environment relationships would provide an array of discussion towards how to bridge these interrelated components into a common cause to help serving the community. The case study in hand El Zahrawan  charity corporation, will help to highlight those efforts in melting the society to common causes related to the community and to the Egyptian country as a whole.

Keyword

Culture- organizational culture- ethics- ethical culture- environment- internal environment-external environment-social responsibility.

 

 

Title

A REVIEW OF SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

Author

Azuamah, Y.C., Imaseun, A.F. and Onoseta, O.H. & Onuoha, P.C.,

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 131-137  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus is not a single disease entity but rather a group of metabolic disorders sharing the common underlying feature of hyperglycemia. This review paper takes a look at the major sociological factors associated with increased blood glucose levels and its control. Among these factors include the socioeconomic status of individuals, their ethnicity, sex and religion. Other sociological factors mentioned in this paper are people’s lifestyle, obesity, consumption of alcohol, genetics, marital status, health education and age. Genetics is known to be a major factor in diabetes mellitus as many people with diabetes mellitus tend to have family members especially parents and siblings with the disorder. Socioeconomic status also plays a major role as people in the lower socioeconomic status tend to have diabetes more than those in the higher socioeconomic status. Age is also known to be a factor in Type 2 Diabetes as most people with this type of diabetes tend to show symptoms from the age of 40 and above. Other sociological factors mentioned are discussed in detail

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Title

DECENTRALIZATION: OBJECTIVES, FORMS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DECENTRALIZED GOVERNANCE

Author

Amal Samir Farag

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 138-157  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

This paper will discuss decentralization as decentralisation is not new. Almost every country in the world (except some very small states) has some form of sub-national government structure, whether to maintain control or to deliver public services across the country, or both. Sub-national structures range from elected state, provincial, municipal or local governments with high degrees of autonomy, to local agents of the central state with minimal discretion – with numerous variations in between.


This paper will discuss decentralization's objective , its forms and how can a country implement decentralized governance

 

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Title

Role of Families on Early Childhood Development and Education: Dhaka City perspective

Author

Iffat Naomee

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 158-169  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Early childhood is the period when maximum development takes place. It is the most crucial period of a child’s life. Involvement of family is very much needed in this period. This study has been carried out on Dhaka- the capital city of Bangladesh; in search of the role of the families on children’s early childhood development and education. The specific objectives for this study were determining the role of parents and other members on children’s early childhood development and education and comparing both the parents’ role on this issue. To attain these objectives two different interview schedules were developed; one for the parents and the other one for one other family member. Data was analyzed in a mixed method using simple percentage for quantitative parts and thematic analysis for qualitative parts. The major findings included families with highly educated parents care more for their children’s overall development than that of other families, mothers take more responsibilities of the children then fathers and most families now are well aware of extra-curricular development of their children.

 

Keyword

Role of Family, Early Childhood Development, Early Childhood Education

 

 

Title

CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG THE EDUCATED YOUTH IN PAKISTAN

Author

Mian Muhammad Ahmad Iqbal  & Shahid Qayyum Khaleek

Source International Journal of Social Sciences  pp 170-176  Vol 011. No. 1 -- 2013
Abstract

Unemployment is a lime lighted issue of Pakistan. It is the need of the day to root out the causes of unemployment. In this scenario we felt a need to conduct a study on the causes of unemployment among the educated youth in Pakistan. In the present study quantitative and qualitative (focus group discussion) researches are conducted to find out the main causes of unemployment in Pakistan. The respondents were including both males and females to discover the multiple reasons and gender biasness or segmentation in job market in the gender perspective. Statistical tool is applied for analysis of the quantitative data and focus group interviews are also concluded separately. At the end final conclusion is drawn by comparing both results.

 

Keyword

unemployment, gender biasness, market segmentation